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关于研讨高中英语虚拟语气小结网站位置: >> 英语论文 >> 英语专业论文答辩 >> 浏览文章
研讨高中英语虚拟语气小结

论文导读:去事实相反,主句与现在事实相反。)  2)If I were you,Iwouldn’thave missed the filmlast  night.(从句与现在事实相反,主句与过去事实相反。)  2.有时虚拟语气的条件是通过without,butfor,other-wise或其它成分来体现,不出现if条件句,我们称之为“含蓄条件句”。如:  1)Wi thout water,fish would die.  2)But f

高中英语虚拟语气小结本文分析虚拟语气的构成,类别和运用,并引用最新的高考题,采用讲练结合的方式,旨在让学生在理解和运用上都有所提高。
  虚拟语气在高考中主要涉及其谓语动词的表现形式,因此记住不同情况下虚拟语气的谓语动词形式非常重要,其主要有以下几种情况。
  一:If条件句中的虚拟语气:
  1.If条件句中和过去事实相反时,主句谓语:would/could/might/should+havedone,从句谓语:had done.如:
  If I had taken your a dvice,I would no thave failed in theex am.
  If I had been free,I would have visited you.
  2.If条件句中和现在事实相反时,主句谓语:would/could/might/should+do,从句谓语:did(be动词用were).如:
  If I were you,I would seize the chance togoa broad..
  If it didn’t rain,we could be having apicnicnow.
  3.If条件句中和将来事实相反时,主句谓语:would/could/might/should+do,从句谓语:did/weretodo/shoulddo.如:
  If he should not come tomorrow,we would put off the meeting till next Monday.
  If it were tor ain tomorrow,we might not gocamping.
  二:条件句中虚拟语气应用的特殊情况
  1.主、从句与事实相反的时间不一致,我们称之为“混合时间的虚拟语气”。如:
  1)If you had studied hard be fore,you would beacollege
  studentnow.(从句与过去事实相反,主句与现在事实相反。)
  2)If I were you,Iwouldn’thave missed the filmlast
  night.(从句与现在事实相反,主句与过去事实相反。)
  2.有时虚拟语气的条件是通过without,butfor,other-wise或其它成分来体现,不出现if条件句,我们称之为“含蓄条件句”。如:
  1)Wi thout water,fish would die.
  2)But for your help,we couldn’thave fini shed the work ahead of time.
  3)I was ill that day.Other wise,I would havet aken partin the sport smeetings.
  3、在if虚拟条件句中,有时可把连词if省去,把were或had,should移到句首,变为倒装句式,其意思不变。如:
  1)Were Iatschoolagain,Iwouldstudyharder.
  2)Hadyoucomeearlier,youwouldhavecaughtthebus.
  3)Shoulditraintomorrow,wewouldnotgoclimbing.
  三:名词性从句中的虚拟语气
  1.在主语从句中的虚拟语气。
  在主语从句It is im port ant/neces sary/st高中英语虚拟语气小结由优秀论文网站http://www.7ctime.com提供,助您写好论文.r ange/natu-ral/apity that…中,that引导的主语从句中有时用“should do”形式的虚拟语气,其中的should可以省略。
  1)Itisstrangethathe(should)haveactedtowardhisparentslikethat.
  2)It is apity that you(should)miss such agood chance.
  2.在宾语从句中。
  表示倡议(suggest,advise,propose,recommend)、命令(order,command)、要求(require,request,demand)、坚持(insist)等动词后that引导的宾语从研讨高中英语虚拟语气小结句中的谓语动词要用“should do”的形式,其中should可以省略。如:
  1)The teacher suggest sthat the boy should finish his home work first.
  2)The boss dem and edthat the task becom plete dright away.
  3.在表语从句、主语从句和同位语从句中。
  由这类动词衍生出的表语从句、主语从句和同位语从句中也要用这种形式的虚拟语气。如:
  1)My ideais that we(should)think it over beforeac-ceptingit.
  2)It issuggested that the meeting(should)be put of ftill next week.
  3)We should cons ider the students’request that the school library open on week ends.四:其他特殊句型中的虚拟语气。
  1.在"wouldrather+宾语从句"句型中,这种虚拟语气表示一种尚未实现的愿望,其从句谓语动词did/haddone。例如:
  1)I wouldr ather you came next Friday.
  2)I would rather I had not to ld him the bad news.
  2.asif/though后若从句的内容是不真实的,要用虚拟语气。当从句表示与现在的事实相反, 全文地址:http://www.7ctime.com/yyzylwdb/lw19528.html
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